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Kaz Rus

The growth in the share of the automobile industry in the GDP structure increased the salary in the industry to 157,000 tenge

Over the past 4 years, the share of the automobile industry in the country's GDP structure has increased by 4.5 times. The dynamics of growth allowed to create more than 120 000 new jobs and increase the average salary to 157 000 tenge.


The automotive industry is one of the fastest growing sectors in the industry. In January-February of 2014 year, the share of the automotive industry was 9.31% of the total output in automobile manufacturing. This year this figure has already been 26%.

According to the analysts of AKAB, the contribution of the automobile industry in GDP is 70 billion tenge. Even in 2012 year the volume of gross value added of the car industry amounted to approximately 35 billion tenge, and in 2010 - 8 billion tenge. Such dynamics speaks about the increase of car production efficiency and commercial technics. Value added is the direct contribution of a specific industry to the economy through the creation of jobs, factories and production facilities built, and the profit generation, which in the future, as a rule, returns to production as an investment.

If we consider it from the standpoint of a common citizen, the contribution of the automobile industry to the economy of the country per capita is about 8,000 tenge. This can be seen not only as a contribution to the economy, but also as a contribution to the improvement of the well-being of every person, since it is taxes to the budget, wages, investment in education, development, new technologies.

Considering examples of the development of the automobile industry of some of the largest countries in the world, could be observed the relation between the increase in the share of the automobile industry in the country's GDP and the development of the economy as a whole. For example, the US auto industry provides about 3% of GDP ($ 500 billion) and employs about 8 million Americans (including in dependent industries). In 2008, the S & P estimated that the bankruptcy of the "Big Three" (GM, Ford, Chrysler) in three years would result in the loss of 3 million jobs, $ 400 billion in personal sector, $ 156 billion in taxes and 0.2% of GDP. In the Russian Federation the share of GDP is a little less than 1% (667 billion rubles.) and about 1.5 million people are employed.

The automotive industry as part of the machinery manufacturing industry in Kazakhstan is already now becoming a powerhouse of the country's economic growth. The automobile market of Kazakhstan has a great potential, because it is far from saturation; it has a very low level of motorization. According to the rating of countries for the provision people with cars, which was prepared by "Autostat", per a thousand people in Kazakhstan there are 270 cars (as a comparison, in Russia this figure is 317, in Belorussia - 355, in the USA - 801, in France - 581, in Finland - 659), which puts the country on the 58th place from 145 in terms of motorization from..

And now, during the first five-year plan with the assistance of the FIID Program, the automotive industry for Kazakhstan has become such an industry which slowdown in development can cause a domino effect, affecting the production of auto components, chemical industry, metallurgy, banks, insurance companies, commercial real estate and even the whole regions (Kostanay, Ust-Kamenogorsk, Semey). For example, if takes that at the average an auto enthusiast refuels for 5,000 tenge per week, then this amount is 20,000 tenge per month. In the case of lack of car production, the oil industry could lose about 9.6 billion tenge per year. According to the assessment of experts, each workplace in the automotive industry creates at least 8 additional jobs in related industries.

Therefore, the continued assistance in the development of the automobile industry by the government is an integral part of supporting the economy. This will also allow implementing the country's plans for entering of Kazakhstan into the 30 most developed countries of the world.

It is to be recalled that that now in Kazakhstan there are six auto manufacturing platforms. In 2014 year, investments in the industry amounted to more than 14 billion tenge. More than 40,000 units of light and commercial vehicles were produced in the amount of 188 tenge billion. The share of engineering products in the country accounts for about 3% of total export volumes and more than 41% of import volumes. In the automotive industry the share of Kazakhstan production reaches 30%.

Since the end of 2013 year in Kazakhstan, at the "SaryarkaAutoProm" site, in Kostanay for the first time in Kazakhstan started CKD production, i.e. a full cycle of car production, including the production of Toyota Fortuner cars. The production by CKD method results in a high percentage of local content (up to 50%), large production volumes (from 25 thousand) and performance of many works on site (for example, painting and welding of the body).

Andrey Lavrentiev, the President of Association of Kazakhstan automobile business.

«In the long term, the market expects growth, which will ensure the level of automobilization to 350 units per 1,000 people by 2025 year. In 2015-2019 years, the market will be supported by state programs according to the second five-year plan of the FIID state program. The role of the automobile industry in the development of the country's economy will increase with the growth of the level of local content, the improving of production of auto components, entrance of new investors and technologies into the domestic market. According to preliminary forecasts, by 2017 the gross added value of the car industry will be 134 billion tenge».